Within the past several years, there has been a trend toward having a pharmacist, as opposed to a physician, provide contraception counseling and prescriptions. Oregon was the first state to legislate this policy, and today there are 17 states, as well as the District of Columbia, where pharmacists are allowed by state regulators to prescribe contraceptive care or contraceptive prescriptions. Similar legislation is presently pending in 14 additional states.
Each state has its own specific protocols that need to be followed by pharmacists, but the prescriptive authorities in each state have a standardized process that needs to be followed before a pharmacist can issue a prescription. This process is fairly standardized at the state level, and involves routine screening, counseling, documentation/reporting, and monitoring.