Understanding Blood Clots

Risks, Signs and Symptoms, Prevention.
stethescope with flower

Blood clots affect more men than women, but women face a continuum of blood clot risks unique to their gender, including birth control and family planning, pregnancy and childbirth, and the treatment of menopause symptoms later in life. Learn more about the link between women’s health, estrogen, and blood clots here.

  • Hospitalization and surgery, hospital stays of three days or more
  • Trauma or injury to the veins
  • Pregnancy and up to six weeks after delivery
  • Birth control methods with estrogen, and the treatment of menopause symptoms with estrogen
  • Cancer and some form of its treatment
  • A personal or family history of blood clots
  • Genetic or inherited clotting disorders, the most common being factor V Leiden
  • Certain chronic conditions like heart failure, inflammatory bowel disease, and diabetes
  • Immobility, sitting too long, bedrest, paralysis,
  • Confinement while traveling long distances

  • Age greater than 60
  • Obesity or body mass index (BMI) greater than 30

Up to 30% of people with a blood clot in their leg will not experience any symptoms, and in about 25 percent of people who experience a blood clot in their lung their first symptom is sudden death.1

Spot a Clot

To learn more about hormonal contraception and clotting, click here.

Read the personal stories of women affected by blood clots, click here.

Get more information about the Rowan Foundation, click here.